CHATHAM HOUSE: MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA

News feeds from Chatham House.

Chathum House: Middle East & North Africa

  • Youth Opinion in the GCC Countries
    Research Event 24 Oct 2017 - 12:30 to 14:30 Chatham House, London Middle East and North Africa Programme Event participants Jane Kinninmont, Deputy Head and Senior Research Fellow, MENA Programme, Chatham House Body Young people form the majority of the population in the Gulf, but their views have traditionally been under-represented in the public discourse. This is beginning to change as a younger generation of leaders takes power, and as the Gulf youth embrace social media to a record-breaking extent. The measurement and analysis of youth opinion, like broader public opinion, is ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-09-27
  • The Syrian Justice System: What Role do Non-State Courts Play?
    Members 25 Oct 2017 - 13:00 to 14:00 Chatham House, London Event participants Mikael Ekman, Senior Legal Advisor, International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC)Judge Keith Raynor, Member, International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC)Sareta Ashraph, Barrister, International Human Rights Law, Garden Court Chambers; UN Commission on Syria (2012-16)Laila Alodaat, Syrian Human Rights Lawyer, Women's International League for Peace & FreedomChair: Elham Saudi, Associate Fellow, International Law Programme, Chatham House Body It has been six years since the Syrian conflict began. The war has displaced over 6 million people, including 2.8 million children, taken 480,000 lives and created the ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-09-26
  • Iraq’s Children after ISIS
    Members 20 Oct 2017 - 13:00 to 14:00 Chatham House, London Event participants Rob Williams, Chief Executive, War ChildBill Van Esveld, Senior Researcher, Middle East and North Africa Children's Rights Division, Human Rights WatchDr Nussaibah Younis, Associate Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham HouseChair: Dr Nicola Ansell, Professor in Human Geography, Brunel University London Body The liberation of Mosul from ISIS control arguably marked a turning point for Iraq’s security forces and discussions now focus on the political, financial and practical challenges faced in rebuilding the country on a sustainable long term ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-09-25
  • Post-ISIS Governance in Jarablus: A Turkish-led Strategy
    Project: Middle East and North Africa Programme, Syria from Within26 September 2017 Haid Haid Twitter Consulting Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme Download PDF Turkey’s capacity to ensure the sustainability of its successes against ISIS depends largely on improving governance in Jarablus. Syrian people in Jarablus district in Syria after the area is freed from ISIS during Operation Euphrates Shield. Photo: Getty Images. SummaryThe governance structure in Jarablus – following Turkey’s military intervention that drove Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) from the district in 2016 – has replicated that used in other rebel-held ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-09-22
  • The Saudi Aramco Float: Political, Financial, and Environmental Implications
    Invitation Only Research Event 6 Oct 2017 - 09:00 to 11:15 Presentation - 1pptx | 1.39 MB Presentation - 2pptx | 3.19 MB Chatham House, London Energy, Environment and Resources Department, Fossil Fuels Expert Roundtable Body The planned listing of part of the Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) on one or more international stock exchanges is one of the big energy stories of this year and the next. There has been a great deal of speculation as to the value of this listing, anticipated at 5 per cent of ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-09-15
  • Helping Iraq’s Displaced Peoples Return Home
    Members 11 Sep 2017 - 10:30 to 11:30 Chatham House, London Event participants Dr Nezar Ismet Taib, Director General, Health for Duhok Governorate, Kurdistan Region of IraqSharon Eubank, First Counsellor in the General Presidency, LDS Relief SocietyBaroness Nicholson of Winterbourne, Founder and Chairperson, AMAR FoundationChair: Dr Neil Quilliam, Senior Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House Body The panel will outline key findings drawn from the 2017 Windsor Conference, Religious Persecution – The Driver for Forced Migration.  Focussing on Iraq in particular, the panellists will present a series of policy recommendations ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-08-23
  • Economic Reform in Egypt
    Corporate Members Nominees Breakfast Briefing 11 Sep 2017 - 08:00 to 09:15 Chatham House, London Event participants Ahmed Kouchouk, Vice Minister of Finance for Fiscal Policies and Institutional Reform, EgyptDavid Butter, Associate Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham HouseChair: Jane Kinninmont, Deputy Head and Senior Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House Body After a period of high inflation, crippling public debt and increasing unemployment, the Egyptian authorities have designed a comprehensive package of reforms aimed at driving economic recovery. The reform programme targets improvements in foreign exchange markets ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-08-14
  • Screening Room: City of Ghosts
    Members Screening Room 6 Sep 2017 - 18:00 to 20:15 Chatham House, London Event participants Abdalaziz Alhamza, Journalist, Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (via Skype)Sawsan Abou Zainedin, Syrian ActivistHaid Haid, Consulting Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham HouseChair: Dr Lina Khatib, Head, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House Body It has been three years since Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), declared a caliphate with Raqqa in Syria as its de facto capital. At the peak of ISIS’s reach, up to ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-07-27
  • Institutions of the State: Policymaking in the GCC
    Members 5 Sep 2017 - 18:00 to 19:00 Chatham House, London Event participants Dr Sara Bazoobandi, Senior Lecturer, International Political Economy, Regent's University LondonSara Masry, Middle East AnalystDr Mark Thompson, Assistant Professor, Middle East Studies, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals; Senior Associate Fellow, King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic StudiesChair: Jane Kinninmont, Deputy Head and Senior Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House Body Following the 2011 Arab uprisings, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) - Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) - ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-07-26
  • The Pursuit of a WMD-Free Zone in the Middle East: A New Approach
    Project: Weapons of Mass Destructions Free Zone in the Middle EastRead online27 July 2017 Tomisha BinoAcademy Fellow (2015-16) Download PDF The stalemate over negotiation on a WMD-free zone damages not only relationships and trust between states in the region, but also the strength and credibility of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. A new approach is needed. Photo credit: Fatemeh Bahrami/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images SummaryAt the 1995 Review Conference (RevCon), states parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) decided to extend the time frame of the treaty indefinitely. This decision was made possible in part because Arab states were given ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-07-21
  • Vision 2030 and Saudi Arabia’s Social Contract: Austerity and Transformation
    Project: Middle East and North Africa Programme, Future Dynamics in the GulfRead online20 July 2017 Jane Kinninmont Twitter Deputy Head and Senior Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme Download PDF Saudi Arabia's ambitious economic reform project promises to disrupt the traditional social contract in a number of ways, which is bound to have political ramifications for the country. Mohammed bin Salman arrives for a press conference in Riyadh, on 25 April 2016. Photo: Getty Images. SummaryIt is now generally accepted that the rulers and citizens of Saudi Arabia must come to terms with a ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-07-12
  • Iraq After the Fall of ISIS: The Struggle for the State
    Project: Middle East and North Africa Programme, Iraq InitiativeRead online04 July 2017 Dr Renad Mansour Twitter Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme Download PDF In the absence of a representative and accountable government and state institutions, attempts to forge a strong Iraqi nation are doomed to fail. Supporters of Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr hold flags and shout slogans during an anti-corruption demonstration in Baghdad, Iraq, on 16 September 2016. Photo: Getty Images. SummaryThe defeat of ISIS’s ‘caliphate’ project in Iraq, together with the national and provincial elections due in 2018, presents a renewed opportunity ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • Book review essay: The Mediterranean and its migrants: porous policy for a porous border
    Dr Claire Spencer Senior Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme & Second Century Initiative July 2017 The Mediterranean Sea has traditionally been seen as a transit route rather than a border zone, yet the upsurge in migration from the Mediterranean’s southern shores into Europe in recent years has given rise to a new array of policing, monitoring and humanitarian missions in and around the Mediterranean Basin. Stretching far into Europe’s and Africa’s hinterlands, an ‘industry’ of smugglers, traffickers and border guards has grown up around circumventing or protecting the barriers and border regimes that now ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • States, boundaries and sovereignty in the Middle East: unsteady but unchanging
    July 2017 I. William Zartman States in the Middle East are real states, not yet Weberian and Westphalian, hard rather than strong states in most cases, with few cases of collapse after the Arab Spring. This article develops this idea, by discussing how their aspiring sovereignty over territory with established, if permeable, boundaries is likely to pursue its efforts at consolidation; only the Kurds and the Palestinians militate for a new sovereign entity of their own, with little success after decades of efforts and sympathy. Boundaries are remarkably stable, even often demarcated; challenges arise within the states for control, rather ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • Borders and sovereignty in Islamist and jihadist thought: past and present
    July 2017 Mohamed-Ali Adraoui This article explores how Islamists and jihadists have framed issues pertaining to sovereignty, borders, as well as political and religious identity, over the last century. At a time when the territorial delimitations of several Arab countries seem more fickle than ever, it is necessary to address how Islamists and jihadists view the historical and contemporary aspects of borders and sovereignty. The Islamists, on the one hand—whose aim is creating a caliphate—have had to deal with unexpected realities, turning inevitably to some extent of reform of their original revolutionary ambition. The jihadists, on the other hand, while ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • The practice and culture of smuggling in the borderland of Egypt and Libya
    July 2017 Thomas Hüsken This article looks at smuggling among the Awlad ‘Ali Bedouin in the borderland of Egypt and Libya. Smuggling is understood as a transgressive economic practice that is embedded in the wider social, political and cultural connectivity of the Awlad ‘Ali. This connectivity transgresses state borders, collides with conceptions of state sovereignty, territory and citizenship. In addition, it has a greater historical depth than the respective post-colonial states, and is in many respects more vital than these. During the regimes of Gaddafi and Mubarak the economic productivity and political stability in the borderland was based on the ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • Approaching borders and frontiers in North Africa
    July 2017 Jean-Pierre Cassarino Recent policy developments in the western Mediterranean, especially in North Africa, pose an important puzzle for our understanding of borders and frontiers and the ways in which they are politically addressed. This article sets out to analyse their various implications for patterns of interdependence among states, territoriality, sovereignty, mobility, and last but not least, for domestic politics. By drawing on a vast corpus, the study provides a broader interpretation of such implications which, as argued, cannot be captured with exclusive reference to securitization and processes of demarcation. This endeavour is important to explore how the power ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • Border management in an era of ‘statebuilding lite’: security assistance and Lebanon’s hybrid sovereignty
    July 2017 Simone Tholens International border management strategies have become the favoured practice to counter global threats, notably terrorism, migration flows and ‘weak states’. This article shows how border security assistance is translated and has political consequences in contexts where sovereignty is contested. It first offers a new conceptualization of contemporary security assistance as a form of ‘statebuilding lite’. These practices are void of comprehensive strategies for broader security governance, and are decentralized, pragmatic and ad hoc. The modus operandi is one whereby each donor develops its own niche, and directly supports specific agencies in the target state. Secondly, the ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • Contesting borders? The formation of Iraqi Kurdistan’s de facto state
    July 2017 Johannes Jüde without its own nation state. However, the Iraqi Kurdish population has been striving to establish its own political order for more than two decades and, in northern Iraq, a markedly developed de facto state has emerged. Iraqi Kurdistan has established a considerable degree of autonomy and domestic sovereignty, which is particularly impressive considering the current state of its parent state Iraq. This success is puzzling, when considered alongside the most prominent theory of state formation, which argues that it is war that makes states. War does not explain the Kurdish state-making process. Rather, it has been ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30
  • Turkey’s post-2011 approach to its Syrian border and its implications for domestic politics
    July 2017 Asli S. Okyay This article examines the implications of the post-2011 conflict in Syria for the relationship between Turkey’s shifting border politics and its domestic politics, focusing on the period until mid-2015. The analysis demonstrates that two factors explain the shifts in Turkey’s border management modalities in this period. These factors were: first, Turkey’s aspiration to enhance its regional influence through a power reconfiguration in post-conflict Syria, in which the Assad regime would be replaced by a predominantly Islamist power elite; second, its concern about its territorial integrity and centralized nation-state model, which it tried to safeguard by ..... READ MORE
    Source: Chatham House: Middle East & North AfricaPublished on 2017-06-30